“Phasin” the historical culture that could be worn
Thai Sarong, or Phasin in North and Northeastern sub culture, is a handwoven fabric weaving from variety of filament including silk, cotton, silver and golden lace thread. Phasin is specifically for women wear that women in each household have been taught, carried, as well as passed along the know how from generation to generation. There are two type of this Thai Sarong including an everyday wear which are more simple and a special occasion wear. The everyday wear textile could well speak about sub culture, homeland, social status, wealth and craftsmanship of its wearer base on both filament type and pattern. The silk Phasin is normally worn by wealthier class or nobility. The commoner though usually wears cotton one. The special occasion’s Phasin is represented by decorative pattern at Tin Sinh or its base. The more complex of its base both on pattern, color, and variety of filament, the wealthier and higher in status the wearer is.
Phasin for Everyday wear Phasin for Special occasion wear
The anatomy of “Phasin”
Phasin feature three section including Hua Sinh, Tua Sinh, and Tin Sinh. Each section was woven separately and then was embroidered altogether.
- Hua Sinh is the top part of Phasin. Normally this part would not be decorated with pattern, only plain. As shown in the picture on the left, they consisting of two sub section. While wearing it, the white section would be hidden and only the red is shown.
- Tua Sinh, the body, is the middle part of Phasin. This longest part could be vary in both color combination, pattern, and texture which depending on the wearer wealth, status or craftsmanship.
- Tin Sinh is the base or the bottom part of Phasin. This part is the most important amongst all as, especially the everyday wear kind, it could say about the wearer whether they are already married or not. Moreover, Tin Sinh would be beautifully decorated by creative and auspicious pattern aiming specifically to be worn in special occasion.
“Bud Nam Petch” Pattern : The jewelry of Phasin’s body
The Phasin was woven by bright green colored local silk producing from Thai domestic silk warm. The shiny attribute according
to silk’s characteristic was emphasized even more with golden thread aiming for the glamorous touch. The golden thread is used specifically for creating pattern. Moreover, the technique using is called “Yok”, it’s a special way of weaving for patterning. About the pattern “Bud Nam Petch”, is a created figuration inspired by as well as referring to yellow gem stone or corundum. As the preciously beautiful gem has an auspicious power. So wearing yellow corundum not only in jewelry form but also part of clothing believed to deliver great fortune, wealth, and prestige.
“Hong” Pattern : The Thai Yuan’s impression through design and technique
The decoration occurred within this Handwoven Phasin is not only at its body section, but also the bottom section as well. Meaning that it is “Phasin Tin Chok”, The textile that its bottom section was woven in pattern using “Chok” technique.
“Hong” or Swan is believed to be the queen of all birds and also a beautiful creature that inhabit in Himavata forrest. In Chinese belief and tradition, Swan as a protector animal of the south, is a symbol of auspicious time. The Northern Thai culture has been influenced by Chinese following both commerce and administration. So swan is an auspicious animal that represent royalty and purified high born in Thai Northern culture.
Hong has been an inspiration in creating pattern or figuration in variety art works amongst Thai culture both Central and sub ethnic region. In fabric, this pattern is one of the oldest and most original figuration.
Chok is a densely figured fabric in which the foundation warp and weft are supplemented with an additional, patterning weft. It is the textile heritage of the Thai Yuan (also known as Northern Thai) community, originally from Chiang Saen, who now resides in seven provinces – Chiang Mai, Nan, Lampang, Uttaradit, and Phrae in the North; and Ratchaburi and Saraburi in Central Thailand. Originally used as the narrow, colorful hem border on Phasin. Chok is woven face-side down on the loom. To create its intricate motifs, the weaver raises the warps with a pointed instrument, such as a porcupine quill, to create a space to insert the colored pattern wefts. The painstaking process makes weaving chok extremely time-consuming.
Natural material from silkworm
Thai silk is made from local Thai silkworms. There are several steps to produce each fabric, consisting of raising silkworm, reeling in the threads, dyeing, and weaving. Unlike any other silks, the distinct character of local Thai silk is luster and sheen. As it is a natural material, Thai silk provides gentle touch to the skin and is well-ventilated. Thai silk can last over a hundred years!
The color of silk can make it more valuable
Silk dyeing is the dyeing of silk threads in various colors for the benefit of creating colors and patterns on the fabric. There are many methods such as dipping, dyeing, coloring, etc. There are two types of dyes used: natural and synthetic colors.
- Natural dyeing It is mostly derived from plant parts such as bark, leaves, fruits, stems, piths, and roots. There are different methods for preparing dyes and dyeing methods. It depends on the type of plant and the part used for dyeing.
- Synthetic or chemical dyes It is a very pure color. Those colors can be mixed to get the desired color and the intensity can be adjusted. The dyeing method is simple and easy. The dyed colors are fresh and have good color durability. There are many types of synthetic dyes used for dyeing. Each type has its own dye properties. dyeing process Different dye qualities, therefore, their use must be appropriate.
This intricate piece can be tailored in various ways:
- Great for tailor to skirt or dress on your special occasions
- Using it as house decoration or curtain, adding Thai style to your home
- Putting in the frame to display its beautifulness like a piece of art
- Offer as a gift to your special ones
- Worth to keep as your collection
Tips to take care of Thai silk
- The best is to hand wash. Do not put it in the washing machine.
- Thai silk can be washed in lukewarm water but only with the mildest soap, then rinse the silk in vinegar to retain its original luster and allow it to drip dry in the shade.
- Thai silk should be ironed on the inside just before it is dry or else put a damp cloth over the silk and iron.
Get to know VIP Thaisilk
VIP Thaisilk was founded by Miss Waraporn or Aiw who was born and raised in a weaving family in Surin province. She has learned and been familiar with real silk for most of her life.
Being in the field of real Thai silk for over 30 years made her understand the authenticity and dedication of each silk piece. Thus, VIP Thaisilk was established with the aim to share the love and beauty of Thai silk to people. VIP Thaisilk only selects authentic silk pieces from all over Thailand. All pieces are guaranteed to be real Thai silk with a premium grade. Each piece is one-of-a-kind!