“Phasin” the historical culture that could be worn
Thai Sarong, or Phasin in North and Northeastern sub culture, is a handwoven fabric weaving from variety of filament including silk, cotton, silver and golden lace thread. Phasin is specifically for women wear that women in each household have been taught, carried, as well as passed along the know how from generation to generation. There are two type of this Thai Sarong including an everyday wear which are more simple and a special occasion wear. The everyday wear textile could well speak about sub culture, homeland, social status, wealth and craftsmanship of its wearer base on both filament type and pattern. The silk Phasin is normally worn by wealthier class or nobility. The commoner though usually wears cotton one. The special occasion’s Phasin is represented by decorative pattern at Tin Sinh or its base. The more complex of its base both on pattern, color, and variety of filament, the wealthier and higher in status the wearer is.
Phasin for Everyday wear Phasin for Special occasion wear
The anatomy of “Phasin”
Phasin feature three section including Hua Sinh, Tua Sinh, and Tin Sinh. Each section was woven separately and then was embroidered altogether.
- Hua Sinh is the top part of Phasin. Normally this part would not be decorated with pattern, only plain. As shown in the picture on the left, they consisting of two sub section. While wearing it, the white section would be hidden and only the red is shown.
- Tua Sinh, the body, is the middle part of Phasin. This longest part could be vary in both color combination, pattern, and texture which depending on the wearer wealth, status or craftsmanship.
- Tin Sinh is the base or the bottom part of Phasin. This part is the most important amongst all as, especially the everyday wear kind, it could say about the wearer whether they are already married or not. Moreover, Tin Sinh would be beautifully decorated by creative and auspicious pattern aiming specifically to be worn in special occasion.
Phasin in Thai Lue of Muang Sing style
This Phasin style was originally exclusively ware amongst Thai Lue nobility who once ruling Chiang Khaeng and Muang Sing, the state in the North located between Southern China, Northern Burma, Lao, and Thailand. The execptional craftsmanship of Thai Lue that was well known for is the using of Mai Kham. Mai Kham is a silk thread that was winded by metal lace thread, originally and popularly the golden lace thread. Mai Kham could create a glittery and lustrous touch to the fabric aiming to emphasize the wealthy, nobility, as well as skill of its wearer. The pattern though usually using the Sinh Ta Lue’s structure, an ordering rows that each contains auspicious figurations. Moreover, The base section or Tin Sinh was embroidered with metal pellets. This decoration is also a well represented of cultural enrichment of Thai Lue. This specific Phasin was woven by the master and together with all the breathtaking detail mentioned, this piece is more than worth it.
Thai Lue’s homeland and Thai Lue’s wearing custom
Natural material from silkworm
Thai silk is made from local Thai silkworms. There are several steps to produce each fabric, consisting of raising silkworm, reeling in the threads, dyeing, and weaving. Unlike any other silks, the distinct character of local Thai silk is luster and sheen. As it is a natural material, Thai silk provides gentle touch to the skin and is well-ventilated. Thai silk can last over a hundred years!
The color of silk can make it more valuable
Silk dyeing is the dyeing of silk threads in various colors for the benefit of creating colors and patterns on the fabric. There are many methods such as dipping, dyeing, coloring, etc. There are two types of dyes used: natural and synthetic colors.
- Natural dyeing It is mostly derived from plant parts such as bark, leaves, fruits, stems, piths, and roots. There are different methods for preparing dyes and dyeing methods. It depends on the type of plant and the part used for dyeing.
- Synthetic or chemical dyes It is a very pure color. Those colors can be mixed to get the desired color and the intensity can be adjusted. The dyeing method is simple and easy. The dyed colors are fresh and have good color durability. There are many types of synthetic dyes used for dyeing. Each type has its own dye properties. dyeing process Different dye qualities, therefore, their use must be appropriate.
This intricate piece can be tailored in various ways:
- Great for tailor to skirt or dress on your special occasions
- Using it as house decoration or curtain, adding Thai style to your home
- Putting in the frame to display its beautifulness like a piece of art
- Offer as a gift to your special ones
- Worth to keep as your collection
Tips to take care of Thai silk
- The best is to hand wash. Do not put it in the washing machine.
- Thai silk can be washed in lukewarm water but only with the mildest soap, then rinse the silk in vinegar to retain its original luster and allow it to drip dry in the shade.
- Thai silk should be ironed on the inside just before it is dry or else put a damp cloth over the silk and iron.
Get to know VIP Thaisilk
VIP Thaisilk was founded by Miss Waraporn or Aiw who was born and raised in a weaving family in Surin province. She has learned and been familiar with real silk for most of her life.
Being in the field of real Thai silk for over 30 years made her understand the authenticity and dedication of each silk piece. Thus, VIP Thaisilk was established with the aim to share the love and beauty of Thai silk to people. VIP Thaisilk only selects authentic silk pieces from all over Thailand. All pieces are guaranteed to be real Thai silk with a premium grade. Each piece is one-of-a-kind!